James Joyce was born on 2 February 1882 in the Dublin suburb of Rathgar.
He was an Irish writer and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century.
Joyce was a key figure in the development of the modernist novel.
He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses.
His fictional universe is firmly rooted in Dublin and populated largely by characters who closely resemble family members, enemies and friends from his time there.
He was the oldest of ten children.
Later the family moved to the fashionable small town of Bray.
In 1891, Joyce wrote a poem, and even sent a part to the Vatican Library.
James Joyce began his education at Clongowes Wood College, which he entered in 1888 but had to leave in 1892 when his father could no longer pay the fees; Joyce then studied at home.
In 1898 He enrolled at the recently established University College Dublin, and studied modern languages, specifically English, French and Italian. Joyce wrote a number of other articles and at least two plays during this period. Many of the friends he made at University College Dublin would appear as characters in Joyce's written works.
After graduating from UCD in 1903, Joyce left for Paris to study medicine, but he soon abandoned this.
His mother was diagnosed with cancer and Joyce returned to Ireland; after her death he continued to drink heavily, and conditions at home grew quite appalling
He decided, on his twenty-second birthday, to revise the story into a novel he called Stephen Hero. It was a fictional rendering of Joyce's youth, but he eventually grew frustrated with its direction and abandoned this work. It was never published in this form, but years later in Trieste Joyce completely rewrote it as A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
The unfinished Stephen Hero was published after his death.
Joyce and Nora went into self-imposed exile, moving first to Zürich, where he had supposedly acquired a post to teach English; It turned out that the English agent had been swindled, but the director of the school sent him on to Trieste and He would remain in Trieste for most of the next ten years.
Later that year Nora gave birth to their first child, George. Trieste and moved to Rome in late 1906, having secured employment in a bank. He intensely disliked Rome, and moved back to Trieste in early 1907.
His daughter Lucia was born in the summer of the same year. Joyce returned to Dublin in the summer of 1909. While in Zurich he began serious work on Ulysses.
Throughout the 1930s he traveled frequently to Switzerland for eye surgeries and treatments for Lucia, who, according to the Joyces, suffered from schizophrenia.
James On 11 January 1941, he underwent surgery for a perforated ulcer. While at first improved, he relapsed the following day, and despite several transfusions, fell into a coma. He awoke at 2 a.m. on 13 January 1941, and asked for a nurse to call his wife and son before losing consciousness again. They were still on their way, when he died, 15 minutes later.
-His Major works are:
Chamber music (1907, poems)
Dubliners 1914, short-story collection)
-A portrait of the Artist as a young man (1916, novel)
-Exiles (1918, play)
-Ulysses (1922, novel)
-Poemes penyeach (1927, poems)
-Collected poems (1936, poems)
-Finnegans wake (1939, novel)
Alicia y Celia.